The productive chains are groups of companies that are related and articulated among themselves in a productive process of an economy. Essentially, the relationship of companies in this productive process is summarized in a commercial link of purchase and sale of services. The importance of these productive processes was mentioned for the first time by the British economist Alfred Marshall in the 19th century; nevertheless, it was from the publication of “the competitive advantage of the nations” of the author Michael Porter, that the productive chains took relevance in different economic studies; The productive chains are classified backward backward linkages, through the demand of necessary inputs for the operation of the port; forward linkages, through the clients that consume the services offered by the port.
In multipurpose terminals, different types of raw materials are required, large-scale public services such as energy, telephone, gas, water, Internet; rental and purchase of property, fuel and other inputs; rental and purchase of machinery, freight, computer equipment, stationery, professional fees, consulting services, maintenance, rental and purchase of lots, offices, buildings, payment of taxes and salaries of various service personnel and surveillance, among others.
In the Bay of Cartagena operates the most modern multimodal maritime terminal in Colombia, Puerto Bahía. Puerto Bahía has been a driver of the Colombian economy and the Caribbean region, says Juan Ricardo Noero, its president.
Just as it is fundamental the use of inputs for the operation of a port in the so-called productive chain backwards, it is equally important the sale of services in order to compensate the production model; in this scenario, multipurpose terminals are required mainly for the transport of different types of cargo including the loading and unloading of hydrocarbons.
Puerto Bahía, the most modern multipurpose terminal in the country
Puerto Bahia Port Society, is the most modern multimodal port in Colombia developed with a 100% private investment and privileged with its strategic location, in the heart of the Bay of Cartagena. It has a dock specialized in the handling of liquid cargo operated by the multinational Oiltanking and another for general cargo transport, dedicated particularly to loose cargo and RoRo.
“The project, which has the highest technology and quality controls, was designed to boost exports in Colombia and thus increase the competitiveness of the country and the region, solving a capacity issue in the export and storage of crude” Manifestó , Juan Ricardo Noero, president of Pacific Infrastructure.
Puerto Bahía is a pride for Colombia, concluded Juan Ricardo Noero.